What is the Powertrain on a Car?

Powertrain Vs Drivetrain

What is a car powertrain and how does it work? A vehicle powertrain is the umbrella term for all the components that help the car move. This includes the engine, transmission, driveshaft, axles, and differential. When all of these components move in tandem, your vehicle propels itself forward through the Munster and Schererville roads. Additionally, different types of powertrains result in different performance profiles, such as sporty, off-road ready, or designed for comfort. Get to know your vehicle powertrain with Webb Ford, and continue your Ford research in Highland.

Vehicle Powertrain Components

  • Engine: Power is generated from the engine, which makes it the most crucial component of your vehicle powertrain. Pistons move inside a set of cylinders, and the crankshaft turns this motion into energy.
  • Transmission: The transmission, or gearbox, adjusts the power of the engine as it moves to the wheels. The higher the speed and acceleration, the higher the gear.
  • Driveshaft: The driveshaft moves the torque from the transmission into the wheels, making quick adjustments within the suspension to keep your car in control.
  • Axles: Axles are found between the wheels, and they receive the power from the engine to generate rotation.
  • Differential: The differential allows wheels to move independently if needed. This is especially important in the case of cornering, when wheels must move at different speeds.

Powertrain vs. Drivetrain

You might hear terms like powertrain vs. drivetrain used interchangeably around Griffith. Both are terms for entire systems within your car, and while there is overlap, they are not the same thing. The powertrain refers to all parts of the vehicle that contribute to forward motion. The drivetrain refers to all components that transfer power to down the wheels — or everything in the powertrain but the engine.

Learn More About Your Car’s Components with Webb Ford

Now you know what is the powertrain on a car, but what if you still have questions about your vehicle powertrain or drivetrain components? Don’t hesitate to reach out to us at Webb Ford for more information. Our team can help break it down into simple terms, so you can learn more about your car and maintenance. Feel free to contact us with any questions or just stop by our showroom in Highland!